ZUKUNFT DER RELIGION – abstracts 01/2016

ABSTRACTS

Harald Matern
THE RELIGION OF THE FUTURE?
The question of the future of religion is closely linked to the question of the future of Western modernity. In his contribution the author reflects on the philosophical dimension of a future of religion that is not, by compulsorily being related to schemes of interpretation is compelled to lead to conflicts of values. But instead one that can also learn from its own history in a reflexive way. In this regard he pleas for a theological intervention.
Keywords: apocalypse, history, modernity, religion, secularisation, western, future
Page 4

Anaïd Lindemann and Jörg Stolz
THE RETURN TO AND RETREAT FROM RELIGION IN SWITZERLAND: DIVERSITY AND COMMUNAL TENDENCIES
In Switzerland, as with a number of occidental European countries, many people are distancing themselves from religious institutions while at the same time conservative movements appear to be gathering strength. These movements seemingly contradictory prove not only to be but complementary but also common to the majority of religious communities in Switzerland.
Keywords: future, individualisation, pluralisation of religious offers, secularisation, spirituality, Switzerland
Page 8

Regine Herbrik and Heike Kanter
SUSTAINABILITY – A POWERFUL, NORMATIVE SOCIAL FICTION
The omnipresent term «sustainability» is a powerful and normative construct which is constantly transferred to new fields, but is seldom reflected upon. The latter is carried out by the two authors in their article. Akin to religion, sustainability also refers to the imaginary and the future. They resemble an already clarified version of religion which already contains normative rules for every aspect of life and all those who do not adhere to them are marginalised.
Keywords: this life religion, imaginary, sustainability, normative, future
Page 12

Yahya Hassan Bajwa
MUSLIMS IN SWITZERLAND – IN 2065
Switzerland is not an island of happy souls. It is connected to the world – also through migration. In his article Author Yahya Hassan Bajwa discusses historical aspects of Islamic migration in Switzerland – and sketches two future blueprints: one scenario of fear and one of successful integration. He would like to counteract the fear of Islam and pleads for a «togetherness».
Keywords: fear, integration, Islam, Mahmood-Mosquee (Zürich), migration, Switzerland, future
Page 14

Andreas Tunger-Zanetti
RECOGNITION – NOT A ONE-WAY STREET
The recognition of religious communities in Switzerland is handled by the Cantons, which, in fact, do not recognise “religions”, but rather religious organisations. Regarding this, the author di erentiates between legal recognition and societal recognition, whereby the former is not the prerequisite for the latter but is rather its rounding o . In the context of Islamic organisations he investigates how a religious community develops such societal recognition, how the stony path to legal recognition can be evened out.
Keywords: religious communities, legal recognition of non-Christian communities, Islamic organisations
Page 17

Simon Erlanger
THE FUTURE OF THE JEWS IN SWITZERLAND
Jews have enjoyed citizenship in Switzerland since 1866. For a few years now, however, the Jewish population in Switzerland has decreased significantly – on the one hand, through assimilation and on the other via emigration. The causes, among others, have been an increase in anti-Semitic tendencies, which constitutes a serious threat to the future of Judaism – even in Switzerland.
Keywords: Swiss Federation of Jewish Communities (SIG), Jewish communities, assimilation, emigration, anti-Semitism
Page 21

Samuel M. Behloul
MIGRATION, RELIGION AND THE FUTURE OF UNIVERSALITY
Regarding Islam and Catholicism in Switzerland the author demonstrates that migration leads not only to religious pluralisation at an interreligious level but also to plurality and diversity in religion internally. The latter reveals the universal character of both religions and simultaneously presents a challenge for the specific culturally and ethnically formed Islamism and Catholicism of diverse migrant communities. Religious pluralisation in Europe is increasingly difficult but also society in its entirety whereby the universality of the Western liberal value system is pushed more and more towards its limits.
Keywords: Islam, migration, Catholicism, culture, religion, universality
Page 25

Hans Joas
THE FUTURE OF CHRISTIANITY
Social scientists have long assumed that religion would disappear in the future and secularisation would be globally universalised. However, the history of religion has rarely run a linear course and has been particularly rich in upheaval and decline. Religion sociologist Hans Joas sketches three trends that may be particularly relevant to Christianity in the future: the dissolution of milieus, implicit religion and the globalisation of Christianity.
Keywords: Christianity, globalisation, milieu, secularisation, future
Page 29

Miryam Eser Davolio
TRACKING JIHADIST RADICALISATION AT OUR LATITUDE
Jihadist radicalisation represents a serious danger even in Switzerland. In her article the author deals with factors that could have an essential influence on future radicalisation. She considers it to be of particular importance to mediate the value pluralism of a liberal society in a differentiated way to counteract IS propaganda which condemns it as decadent, promiscuous and degenerate.
Keywords: Jihadist radicalisation, Islamist terrorism, value pluralism, value questions
Page 34

Andreas M. Walker
VALUE CHANGES AND THE FUTURE OF THE NATIONAL CHURCHES
Megatrends such as individualisation, pluralisation and secularisation change the religious landscape of a society fundamentally – and they are, at the same time, an expression of change. Based on the swissfuture-study Value Change in Switzerland 2030 Andreas M. Walker, co-president of swissfuture, questions what the effects the four scenarios Ego, Clash, Balance and Bio Control could have on religion in the future.
Keywords: churches, megatrends, religion, value changes, future
Page 37

Francis Müller
EVANGELICAL IDENTITY – TO BECOME, NOT TO BE
No religion has spread as quickly around the world as Charismatic Evangelism. Taking the example of the International Christian Fellowship (ICF) founded in Zürich the text demonstrates how Evangelical identity is constructed and how they discipline themselves and why they favour subjectivization and individualisation processes. The author further questions what this can mean for future values in a global context.
Keywords: Evangelism, ICF (International Christian Fellowship), Identity, conversion, values
Page 41

Urs Winter-Pfändler
THE POSITION OF THE CHURCH IN TOMORROW’S SOCIETY – RESULTS OF A POLITICIAN’S SURVEY
Just as religion changes in modern societies, the relationship between the church and the state changes and in Switzerland this is controlled by Cantonal authority. In a survey carried out on Cantonal parliamentarians the author asked how the relationship between Church and State should be formed. There was a broad desire for an interconnection between Church and State. Dissent, however, arose when asked whether the Church should have an active position regarding political questions. In his article the author asks what the significance of the survey results have for the future of the Church in Switzerland.
Keywords: the Church, politics, Switzerland, state, values, future
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