GELD – Abstracts 02/13 Magazin für Zukunftsmonitoring

Geld

Abstracts Heft 02/13

Elena Esposito
MONEY – THE CURRENT HANDLING OF AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE
Normally, the function of money is explained with the satisfaction of everyday needs. The sociologist Elena Esposito refutes the theory of needs and propagates the following thesis: The function of money consists in handling an uncertain future. This uncertainity is the original limitation of money and the economy.
Keywords: Needs, money, risks, economy, future
Page: 4

Michael Lee
DIE ZUKUNFT DES GELDES IN EINER MOBIL-DIGITALEN WELT
Computer, das Internet und Mobiltelefone verursachten eine Revolution in der Informatik und in der Kommunikation – und neue Formen des Geldtransfers. Obwohl schon neue virtuelle Währungen erfunden wurden, ist sich der Futurist Michael Lee sicher, dass diese auch in Zukunft das Bargeld nicht ersetzen werden. Für ihn ist es eine Menschheits-Tradition und das öffentliche «Gesicht» des Geldwertes.
Keywords: Bargeld, Zukunft, Digitalisierung, Vertrauen, virtuelle Währung
Seite: 8

Karlheinz Steinmüller
MONEY, MONEY… AND NO ENDING
Like the fire and the wheel, the contract and the law, money belongs to the most important inventions of early mankind. As an early equivalent it facilitates all exchanges. And to the contrary to livestock, money can be accumulated, stored and carried very easily. What seems so natural to us has a long story behind and finds itself actually in a period of tumultuous changes.
Keywords: Money, alternative currencies, state, trust, future
Page: 13

Interview with Gerhard Buurman
THE CULTURE OF MONEY – MONEY CULTURES
Gerhard M. Buurman, headmaster of the Institute for Design Research at the Zurich University of Arts (ZHdK) and initiator of the research area «money cultures» is settled to the future of money and the financial system. In alternative economic games he sees an interesting base for the testing of social futures.
Keywords: Design, money cultures, interaction, economy, consumption, game
Page: 17

Hanno Pahl und Bastian Gottmann
MONEY IS DEBT. TRAPS OF A CULTURE TECHNIQUE
The modern monetary economy with its two-staged banking system is based on a nested principle of debt: In its totality money is not a sum, but an always negative balance sheet: The central banks lend money with interest rates to the commercial banks. They give loans which exceed the worth of their deposits (cash, money from the central bank) by far, and therefore there will be created primary deposits out of nothing. In fact, this is only a claim for money, but normally it is worth real cash. This dynamic, expansionary and paradoxical principle – a cultural technique – is inherent to the modern monetary economy. In times of an economical crisis it emerges of its latency, sometimes with vehement consequences.
Keywords: Banks, cash, primary deposits, credit, risk, debts, economical crisis
Page: 20

Georg Zoche
WAR AND MONEY
The modern monetary system based on debts emerged out of the dynamics of financing war when every warring party stood under the pressure to invest more money than the enemy. The mechanism of a key currency where currencies are not fixed to the gold standard, but are fixed by exchange rates to a dominant currency, was developed in 1940 by the Nazi government and was put into practice by the USA with the US Dollar as the worldwide dominating currency. The economist Robert Triffin warned about the use of the US Dollar as a dominating transaction currency in the worldwide trade and predicted already in 1959 the financial crisis which happened 50 years later.
Keywords: Money, war, leading currency, US Dollar, Second World War
Page: 24

Michael Sandel
WHAT MONEY CAN BUY AND WHAT IT CANNOT
Are there things which could not be bought with money? And if the answer is positive, how could we decide, what goods or occupations it would be allowed to deal with and which not? The author asks the modified question: Are there things, which under no circumstances can be bought with money?
Keywords: Civil duty, fairness, money, corruption, moral, virtues, values
Page: 31

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