AFRIKA 03/13 Abstracts

03_13_afrika_cover_mittelDaniel Stanislaus Martel
FROM A RESOURCES SUPPLIER TO A COMMODITY MARKET?
Africa functioned for the West so far and mainly as a resource supplier – and it
is very likely that the role of the buyer could be replaced by China. This causes
several and highly complex dependences. How could it be in the future? The
author describes four scenarios: In «New North-South-partnership» an ecological
consciousness increases, which makes Africa less dependent and is
recognized by local elites as a potential for more prosperity. An increasing
part of the population will have a better life. In terms of the «African emancipation
» the Western crisis is recognized as a chance; investments in the infrastructure
make Africa independent from imports and Africa creates a higher
added value. In «Neo-colonialism-countries» the ruling elites keep their power
and Africa will be plundered again and again without any profit for the population.
The «African Riot» causes protest movements: Nepotism and corruption
will be fighted. Relationships with western countries will be stopped.
Both sides are losers: Africa loses exportation returns and the West loses raw
materials.
Keywords: Africa, China, Future, Resources, Transformation
Page: 4

Achille Mbembe im Gespräch mit Thomas Blaser
AFRIKA – DER KONTINENT DER ZUKUNFT
Aus westlicher Sicht war Afrika alles andere als ein zukunftsträchtiger Kontinent.
Im Jahr 2000 noch schrieb das renommierte Magazin The Economist
über den «hoffnungslosen Kontinent». Im Jahr 2011 jedoch reportierte das
selbe Magazin, und mit ihm viele andere wie das Time Magazine über «Afrika
im Aufstieg». Diese Umkehr rührt sicher daher, dass Afrika im Gegensatz zur
weltweiten Rezession ein hohes ökonomisches Wachstum vorweisen konnte.
Wie Achille Mbembe ausführt, gibt es noch viele andere Gründe dafür, dass
Afrika ein Kontinent mit Zukunft ist.
Keywords: Freiheit, Emanzipation, Kapitalismus, ökonomisches Wachstum
Page: 11

Mandu dos Santos Pinto
THE SLUM – THE FUTURE OF AFRICAN CITIES
The increase of the population in African cities and the following creation of
slums represent a big problem which can not be coped with classical town
planning methods. Mandu dos Santos Pinto pleads for a participative and informal
infrastructure. This measure could enforce the self-determination of
those slum-inhabitants, but also prevent the creation of new slums.
It is also a good alternative to revalue certain town districts.
Keywords: Africa, infrastructure, Slum, Town Planning, Town Growth
Page: 14

Harro von Senger
SOME THOUGHTS ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP CHINA – AFRICA
China’s presence in Africa is often badly reflected. The fact that China invests
in Africa’s infrastructure and prosperity is repeatedly seen as selfish in European
countries. The Western consensus is, that the goal of Chinese Africa policy
would only be the access to raw materials. The jurist and sinologist Harro
von Senger contradicts this thesis and shows up several positions and examples
which prove the opposite. China doesn’t only support African countries
with raw materials, but also countries without resources.
Keywords: African Politics, China, Neo Colonialism, Resources, Solidarity, Infrastructure
Page: 17

Philipp Meier and Stefan Pabst
AFRICA AS AN OBJECT OF PROJECTION
Africa’s possibilities for development are varied. And also varied are the imaginations,
which we are projecting into Africa’s future. Using Europe as a benchmark
for the development of Africa remains a dubious option. Nevertheless,
comparisons between Africa and Europe are exciting. The authors Meier and
Pabst plead, that there should be more respect and openness towards Africa.
Keywords: Africa, Development, Future, Communication, Privatization, Arts
Page: 20

Michael Lee
VEREINIGTE STAATEN DES SÜDLICHEN AFRIKA (VSSA)
Silvester 2099. Die Vereinigten Staaten des südlichen Afrika (VSSA) schauen
zurück auf 87 Jahre von Revolutionen und Errungenschaften. Die Staaten sind
nun im Zentrum weltweiter Beachtung. Die Völkervermischung führte zur
neuen Volksgruppe der «China-Afrikaner» und dadurch zu einem Schmelztiegel,
der eine kulturelle Dynamik kreierte. Die VSSA sind nicht nur führend bei
der Sonnenenergietechnik, sondern auch in der Hydroenergie und in der Astronomie.
Sie sind ausserdem weltweit angesehen wegen ihrer Erfahrung in
Konfliktlösungen. Michael Lees Beitrag beschreibt ein mögliches Szenario für
Afrikas Zukunft.
Keywords: Afrika, Zukunft, Revolution, Führung, Wissenschaft, Energiegewinnung
Page: 22

Francis Müller
«PENTECOSTAL TSUNAMI» IN SUB-SAHARAN-SOCIETIES
Africa’s sub-Sahara population will increase, according to an UN-prognosis, in
an enormous number in our century. This fact leads to an important increase
of religion due to charismatic Pentecostal Movement communities. So, the European
idea of an universal secularization will be relativized. There will emerge
new variations of religiously oriented modern societies.
Keywords: Africa, Population increase, Pentecostal Movement, Religion, Secularization
Page: 24

Robert Leucht
THE FIGURE OF THE ENGINEER IN THE CONTEXT: UTOPIA IN THE FIRST
THIRD OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Robert Leucht, a specialist in German studies, shows in his article how the figure
of the engineer works in the studies of the authors Brinkmann, Grunert
and Musil. As a hero in literature the engineer represents the hope towards a
better world. The utopia about engineering is not an illusion, but a way to create
a better society.
Keywords: Engineer, Future, Literature, Society, Technology
Page: 29

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